Among the regions in the country, Caraga has the 3rd highest in-migration rate at 40 per 1000 population and 2nd highest out-migration rate at 47 per 1000 population, respectively, in the past 5 years based on the 2018 National Migration Survey (NMS) conducted by the University of the Philippines Population Institute (UPPI) in partnership with the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA).

The said survey further revealed that Caraga is a migrant losing region with more migrants leaving than those coming in to reside in the region.

Among the reasons for moving within the Philippines, according to the survey, are employment, housing-related reasons, school-related reasons, and to live with spouse or partner.

Said results of the survey was presented by Ms. Nimfa Ogena of UPPI in the most recent teleconference of Sub-Committee of Internal Migration and Development (SCIMD) organized by the Commission on Population and Development (POPCOM)-Caraga.

With that results, POPCOM-Caraga Director Alexander A. Makinano presented to the Regional Development Council (RDC)-Social Development Council (SDC) virtual conference on November 19 the significance of establishing a local database for internal migration. According to POPCOM, internal migration remains the main driver of rapid urbanization in the country.

Makinano further revealed that Urban Development and Housing Act (UDHA) mandates local government units (LGUs) in collaboration with relevant agencies such as POPCOM, NEDA, PSA… to set up an effective mechanism to monitor movements of the population, from rural to urban, urban to urban, and urban to rural areas.

Director Makinano reiterated that migration has economic, social and environmental implications – both positive and negative – for the places of origin and destination.